Where Are They? Former Parliament Speakers & What They Are Doing Now

  • From left: A collage of Former of N.A speaker Justin Muturi, Former N.A Speaker Kenneth Marende and Former Senate Speaker Ekwe Ethuro
    From left: A collage of Former of N.A speaker Justin Muturi, Former N.A Speaker Kenneth Marende and Former Senate Speaker Ekwe Ethuro
  • As of September 2022, there are five living former speakers who served in the late Presidents Daniel Moi, Mwai Kibaki and and the outgoing Head of State Uhuru Kenyatta's regime.

    However some of the recent House Speakers are still active in politics and others could make a comeback in the 13th Parliament.

    Jonathan Kimtet Arap Ng’eno 

    Jonathan Kimetet arap Ng'eno was a member of parliament for Bureti Constituency in Kericho County. 

    Kimatet was first elected into parliament in 1979 on a KANU ticket. He was re-elected in the 1983 General Election through a KANU ticket.

    However, he lost to Timothy Kipkoech Arap Mibey, a lawyer from Bureti in the 1988 elections. He bounced back to parliament in 1992 through on a KANU ticket again after being in the cold for five years.

    He went on to serve as the National Assembly Speaker by KANU members  from 1991 after the then speaker Moses Keino resigned.

    Sadly, Ng'eno died at the Nairobi Hospital, ICU on 12 June 1998.

    Francis Ole Kaparo

    An undated image of former Speaker of the National Assembly Francis Ole Kaparo.
    An undated image of former Speaker of the National Assembly Francis Ole Kaparo.

    Francis Ole Kaparo was born in september 1950, He served as Member of Parliament for Laikipia East. 

    He has served in different capacities and was the second longest serving Speaker of the National Assembly of Kenya from 1993 to 2007.

    Apart from politics, Kaparo is a lawyer by profession with vast experience in politics. 

    He holds a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree from the University of Nairobi and a post graduate Diploma in Laws from Kenya School of Law.

    In 2020, President Uhuru appointed Kaparo as chairman of the National Cohesion and Integration Commission - NCIC.

    Kenneth  Otiato Marende 

    Kenneth Otaito Marende was born in 1956. He was the speaker of the National Assembly of the 10th Parliament.

    He first joined active politics after he was elected by the constituents of Emuhaya Constituency on a NARC Party ticket and represented them in Parliament from 2002 to 2007.

    He was forced to  step down as the MP of Emuhaya as the constitution stipulates after applying for the seat. He was elected Speaker on January 15, 2008 and served until 2013 when he was succeeded by Justin Muturi. 

    He will  be remembered for initiating live broadcasts of the Parliamentary proceedings in the House.

    He  was awarded the highest award any Kenyan citizen can receive, the Elder of the Golden Heart (EGH) by the late  President Mwai Kibaki in 2008.

    However, Marende could make a comeback to the 13th parliament after President Uhuru Kenyatta and Azimio endorsed him. He will battle it out with Moses Wetangula of Kenya Kwanza.

    Justin Bedan Muturi

    Former National Assembly Speaker Justin Muturi and the assembly's acting clerk Serah Kioko.
    Former National Assembly Speaker Justin Muturi and former acting clerk Serah Kioko.
    Daily Nation

    Justin Bedan Muturi (popularly known as JB)  was born in 1956  became the seventh Speaker of the National Assembly of Kenya succeeding Kenneth Marende.

    He plunged into active politics after he ran for Mbeere North Parliamentary seat on The National Alliance (TNA) party ticket but lost to Muriuki Njagagua.

    However, after the Uhuru-led party merged with William Ruto’s URP to form Jubilee which formed the government in 2013, Muturi was unanimously endorsed making him the Speaker of National Assembly.

    He is the first Speaker to serve the Upper house following the introduction of a bicameral Parliament, as provided by the 2010 Constitution.

    However, he won the position  after a second round of voting by Members of the National Assembly, beating former speaker Kenneth Marende by 219 votes against 129 votes.

    Muturi served from 2013 to 2022. However, he joined William Ruto’s kenya Kwanza camp prior to the election as a principal representing the Democratic Party.

    He is currently in the Assumption of office Committee as a co-opted member.

    Ekwee David Ethuro

    Ekwe David Ethuro was born in 1963 in Lodwar, Turkana County. He was first elected to Parliament as the Member for Turkana Central in the 1997 General Election. 

    After the election, President Moi appointed him as the Assistant Minister for Planning and National Development where he served from 1998 to 2002.

    Ekwe will be remembered as a  key member of Parliament that actively and successfully mid-wifed the Constitution, and served as a member of the Constitution Implementation Oversight Committee.

    Ethuro was unanimously chosen by the Jubilee coalition as their nominee for Speaker after former Speaker of Parliament Francis ole Kaparo stepped down in his favour. 

    Ethuro won the elections for Speaker of the Senate with the backing of the Jubilee coalition, managing 38 votes against CORD’s Farah Maalim’s 29 votes in the second round of voting. He served from 2013 to 2017.

    However, in August 2017 Kenneth Lusaka who had lost the Bungoma gubernatorial race was elected speaker of the Senate. Lusaka garnered 42  votes while  Farah Maalim received 25 votes, with Ethuro only managing  two votes.

    After Lusaka took office, Ekwe Ethuro went into the cold and has not engaged into active politics again.

    Ken Lusaka

    Ken Lusaka was born in September, 1963 in Kamukuywa, Bungoma County.

    In 2013, Lusaka vied for the Bungoma gubernatorial seat alongside the then Kanduyi MP Alfred Khang’ati among others.  Lusaka won the race and served as the first governor of Bungoma.

    However, in 2017, Lusaka contested for the race once more but lost to Wycliffe Wangamati after which the Jubilee party fronted him for the senate speaker’s candidature.

    Lusaka won the senate speaker position in the second round by garnering 42 votes against his competitor Farah Maalim who polled 25 votes.

    Further, prior to the 2022 General election, Lusaka joined Ford Kenya Party led by Moses Wetangula which is affiliated to Kenya Kwanza Coalition.

    He won the elections after overturning the tables and  defeating the sitting governor, Wycliffe Wangamati.

    Ken Lusaka being sworn in as the Governor of Bungoma County at Bungoma Sports Ground on August 25, 2022
    Ken Lusaka being sworn in as the Governor of Bungoma County at Bungoma Sports Ground on August 25, 2022