The All Saints Cathedral along Kenyatta Avenue was designed by British architect, Temple Moore who was a Freemason in Kenya.
The construction of the church started in 1917 and the foundation stone was laid by the then Governor of colonial Kenya Sir Henry Conway Belfield.
The entire cathedral was completed in four phases spanning between 1917 and 1952 and the stained glass windows were designed by AJ Davis, a famous stained-glass designer from Britain.
The building reflects an English-Gothic style with castellated towers at each end of the transept and one of which contains the belltower and the other the organ tower.
Its walls consist of smooth dressed stone with recessed white mortar joints under a clay tiled roof supported by timber trusses and pointed arches.
The cathedral which belongs to the Anglican Church of Kenya is also a gazetted national monument protected by the government.
ACK was considered the official church of the colonial power and enjoyed a privileged position since it was where the Governor and other high ranking officials went for mass.
To demonstrate the penetration of the church in government, the official residence of the Head of the ACK was built opposite State House Nairobi.
Sir Evelyn Baring, the Governor of Kenya during the State of Emergency, and his wife preferred receiving the Holy Communion at State House, saving them the trouble of driving to All Saints Cathedral, just five minutes away.
Masons also designed many buildings which host government offices and institutions such as Nairobi and Jamhuri Schools.
The White House Lodge which was also built by masons was burnt down in 1905, but another one was quickly built, on the very spot that the Central Bank of Kenya is today.
Surprisingly, after taking the reins of power, Kenya's first President Mzee Jomo Kenyatta did not go to church for worship in the 15 years of his tenure.
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