Census 2019 Breakdown: All Details as Released By KNBS

  • A photo of a Census 2019 enumerator branding an enumerated residence in the August 2019 exercise.
    A Census 2019 enumerator branding an enumerated residence in the August 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census.
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  • The 2019 Population and Housing Census exercise was conducted on the night of August 24 and 25, 2019. The results were released by the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) on November 4, 2019.

    The total number enumerated population was 47,564,296 with the total male population at 23,548,056 (49.5%) and that of females at 24,014, 716, making 50.5% of the population.

    This meant that Kenya posted a population increase of nine million from the last count in 2009.

    Total Population per counties.

    President Uhuru Kenyatta and National Treasury CS Ukur Yattani when he was counted as part of the 2019 census process on August 29, 2019.
    President Uhuru Kenyatta and National Treasury CS Ukur Yattani when he was counted as part of the 2019 census process on August 29, 2019.
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    Nairobi, Kiambu, Nakuru, Kakamega & Bungoma counties were the most populous counties. The least populous counties included Lamu, Isiolo, Samburu, Tana River & Taita Taveta.

    Mombasa                                                    1,208,333
    Kwale                                                             866,820
    Kilifi                                                             1,453,787
    Tana River                                                     315,943
    Lamu                                                             143,920
    Taita/Taveta                                                   340,671
    Garissa                                                          841,353
    Waji                                                                781,263
    Mandera                                                        867,457
    Marsabit                                                        459,785
    Isiolo                                                              268,002
    Meru                                                           1,545,714
    Tharaka-Nithi                                                 393,177
    Embu                                                             608,599
    Kitui                                                            1,136,187
    Machakos                                                   1,421,932
    Makueni                                                         987,653
    Nyandarua                                                     638,289
    Nyeri                                                             759,164
    Kirinyaga                                                       610,411
    Murang'a                                                    1,056,640
    Kiambu                                                       2,417,735
    Turkana                                                         926,976
    West Pokot                                                   621,241
    Samburu                                                       310,327
    Trans Nzoia                                                  990,341
    Uasin Gishu                                               1,163,186
    Elgeyo/Marakwet                                          454,480
    Nandi                                                            885,711
    Baringo                                                         666,763
    Laikipia                                                         518,560
    Nakuru                                                       2,162,202
    Narok                                                         1,157,873
    Kajiado                                                       1,117,840
    Kericho                                                          901,777
    Bomet                                                            875,689
    Kakamega                                                  1,867,579
    Vihiga                                                            590,013
    Bungoma                                                    1,670,570
    Busia                                                             893,681
    Siaya                                                             993,183
    Kisumu                                                        1,155,574
    Homa Bay                                                   1,131,950
    Migori                                                          1,116,436
    Kisii                                                             1,266,860
    Nyamira                                                         605,576
    Nairobi City                                                 4,397,073

    Distribution of Population by Sex and County. 

    County                          Male                           Female                             Intersex

    Mombasa                       610,257                      598,046                             30 
    Kwale                             425,121                      441,681                             18 
    Kilifi                                704,089                      749,673                             25 
    Tana River                     158,550                      157,391                               2 
    Lamu                               76,103                        67,813                               4 
    Taita/Taveta                   173,337                      167,327                               7 
    Garissa                          458,975                      382,344                             34

    Wajir                              415,374                      365,840                             49 
    Mandera                        434,976                      432,444                             37 
    Marsabit                        243,548                     216,219                             18 
    Isiolo                             139,510                     128,483                               9
    Meru                             767,698                      777,975                             41
    Tharaka-Nithi               193,764                      199,406                                7 
    Embu                            304,208                      304,367                             24 
    Kitui                              549,003                      587,151                             33 
    Machakos .                  710,707                      711,191                             34 
    Nyandarua                     315,022                       323,247                             20 
    Nyeri                              374,288                       384,845                             31 
    Kirinyaga                       302,011                        308,369                             31 
    Murang'a                       523,940                        532,669                             31 
    Kiambu                      1,187,146                      1,230,454                          135 
    Turkana                         478,087                        448,868                             21  
    West Pokot                   307,013                        314,213                            15 
    Samburu                      156,774                        153,546                               7 
    Trans Nzoia                 489,107                         501,206                            28 
    Uasin Gishu                 580,269                         582,889                            28 
    Elgeyo/Marakwet         227,317                         227,151                            12 
    Nandi                           441,259                         444,430                             22
    Baringo                        336,322                         330,428                             13 
    Laikipia                        259,440                         259,102                             18 
    Nakuru                     1,077,272                       1,084,835                             95 
    Narok                           579,042                          578,805                           26
    Kajiado                         557,098                          560,704                           38 
    Kericho                        450,741                          451,008                            28 
    Bomet                         434,287                           441,379                            23 
    Kakamega                  897,133                           970,406                            40 
    Vihiga                         283,678                           306,323                            12 
    Bungoma                   812,146                            858,389                            35 
    Busia                         426,252                            467,401                            28
    Siaya                         471,669                            521,496                            18 
    Kisumu                      560,942                            594,609                            23 
    Homa Bay                 539,560                            592,367                            23 
    Migori                        536,187                            580,214                             35 
    Kisii                            605,784                           661,038                             38 
    Nyamira                     290,907                           314,656                             13  
    Nairobi City            2,192,452                          2,204,376                          245 

    Average Household Size by County

    Data showed that counties in northern Kenya have the largest families in terms of household analysis. 

    The top counties in terms of household sizes are Mandera with 6.9 persons per family, Wajir at 6.1, Garissa 5.9, Marsabit 5.8, and Turkana 5.6.

    West Pokot has five persons per house at 5.3, while Kwale is at 5.0. Nyeri, Kirinyaga and Kiambu are at 3.0. Murang'a and Embu at 3.3

    Here is the full list

    Mombasa 3.1, Kwale 5.0, Kilifi 4.8, Tana River 4.6, Lamu 3.7, Taita/Taveta  3.5, Garissa 5.9, Wajir 6.1, Mandera 6.9, Marsabit 5.8, Isiolo 4.6.

    Meru 3.6, Tharaka-Nithi  3.6, Embu  3.3, Kitui 4.3, Machakos 3.5, Makueni 4.0, Nyandarua 3.5, Nyeri  3.0, Kirinyaga 3.0, Murang'a  3.3, Kiambu 3.0, Turkana  5.6, West Pokot 5.3, Samburu  4.7, Trans Nzoia  4.4, Uasin Gishu  3.8.

    Elgeyo/Marakwet 4.5, Nandi  4.4, Baringo  4.7, Laikipia  3.4, Nakuru 3.5, Narok 4.8, Kajiado  3.5, Kericho  4.4, Bomet  4.7, Kakamega  4.3, Vihiga  4.1, Bungoma  4.6, Busia  4.5, Siaya  3.9, Kisumu 3.8, Homa Bay  4.3, Migori  4.6, Kisii  4.1, Nyamira 4.0, Nairobi  2.9.

    Distribution of Population by Administrative Units 

    Enumerated Population

    A total of 47,564,296 persons were enumerated during the census, comprising 23,548,056 males, 24,014,716 females and 1,524 intersex.

    This represented an intercensal growth rate of 2.2 per cent compared to a growth of 2.9 per cent in the 2009 census.

    Similarly, 32,732,596 were enumerated in rural areas and 14,831,700 in urban areas. Note that in this section, the intersex figures are too few to be distributed at sub national level and totals may therefore differ slightly from national aggregate

    Distribution of Population by Age and Sex

    Majority of the population are the youth. 

    The population pyramid for rural areas showed that a wide base concentrated among population aged below 15 years.

    The population pyramid for urban areas indicated that majority of the population is concentrated between ages 20 and 34 among both sexes.

    Most Populous Ethnic Communities

    The Kikuyu community was the most populous in the country with a total of 8,148,668 people.

    The Luhya community came in second place with a population of 6,823,842 followed by the Kalenjin community whose tally stands at 6,358,113 people.

    Luo 5,066,966, Kamba 4,663,910, Somalis 2,780,502, Kisii 2,703,235, Mijikenda 2,488,691, Meru 2,488,691, Maasai 1,189,522, Konso 1299, El Molo 1104, Gosha 685 and Dahalo at 596.
     

    Government spokesperson Cyrus Oguna issues an update on the ongoing census on August 25, 2019.
    Government spokesperson Cyrus Oguna issues an update on the ongoing census on August 25, 2019.
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    Distribution of Population by Socio-Economic Characteristics

    Education

    A total of 17.8 million individuals reported that they were at school/learning institution; 11.6 million left school/learning institution after completion; 6.9 million left school/learning institution before completion; and 7.1 million had never been to school.

    The data showed that 10.0 million people were attending primary school; 3.4 million were attending secondary school while 3.3 million were attending pre-primary school. 

    Those attending middle-level college/technical training education were about 500 thousand and those attending university education were 471 thousand. 

    Majority of respondents had attained primary education, followed by secondary education.

    Persons with university education were 1.3 million.

    Activity Status

    The results showed that the economically active population was 22.3 million, comprising the working (19.7 million) and those seeking work (2.6 million). Females accounted for 50.2 per cent of the total working population. 

    The proportion of males in the urban areas that reported having worked was 50.4 per cent compared to 40.6 per cent of females. 

    A total of 18.9 million individuals were outside the labour force during the reference period. There were 10.1 million youth aged 18-34 years and 4.1 million youth aged 15-24 years in the labour force. 

    Housing Condition

    The proportion of households owning the main dwelling unit they occupied was 61.3 per cent while those occupying rented/provided dwelling units were 38.7 per cent. Majority (93.9 per cent) of the owned dwelling units were constructed, 3.3 per cent were inherited and 2.8 per cent were purchased.

    The 2019 KPHC data showed that 80.3 per cent of the households occupied dwelling units that had iron sheet as the main roofing material followed by concrete/cement at 8.2 per cent. 

    The dominant material used for wall construction was mud/cow dung at 27.5 per cent followed by stone with lime/cement at 16.5 per cent. Dwelling units
    with concrete walls accounted for 16.3 per cent of the total. 

    The predominant floor material was concrete/cement accounting for 43.7 per cent followed by earth/sand floors at 30.0 per cent. More than a third (34.2 per cent) of households in the country relied on piped water as a source of drinking water. More than half (51.2 per cent) of households use covered pit latrine as a sanitation facility. 

    The most common mode of solid waste disposal was burning in the open, used by 27.1 per cent of the households. Firewood was the most commonly used type of cooking fuel reported by 55.1 per cent of the households followed by Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) at 23.9 per cent.  Slightly over half (50.4 per cent) of households reported using electricity mains as a source of lighting fuel followed by solar (19.3 per cent).

    Agriculture

    Total agricultural land operated by households stood at 10.3 million hectares, equivalent to 17.5 per cent of the total land area in the country. 

    Of the total enumerated households, 6.4 million were practicing agriculture. Households growing crops were 5.6 million while those practicing irrigation were 369,679. In total, 5.1 million households were engaged in maize cultivation followed by 3.6 million cultivating beans.

    Livestock keeping was practiced by 4.7 million households while aquaculture and fishing activities were practiced by 29,325 and 109,640 households, respectively. 

    Disability 

    Questions on the six domains of disability (visual, hearing, mobility, cognition, selfcare and communication) were asked of persons aged five years and above while that of albinism was administered to everyone.

    918,270 people aged 5 years and above had a disability. More females (523,883) than males (394,330) had disabilities. The common types of disability were mobility (385,417) followed by visual (333,520). A total of 9,729 persons had albinism.

    Religious and Ethnic Affiliation

    Majority (85.5 per cent) of the population are Christians with Protestants, Catholics and Evangelical churches accounting for 33.4, 20.6, and 20.4 per cent, respectively.

    Muslims accounted for 11 per cent of the entire population. The five most populous ethnic affiliations were Kikuyu, Luhya, Kalenjin, Luo and Kamba while the five least populous were Dahalo, El Molo, Konso, Gosha and Wayyu.

    Census officials at DP William Ruto's residence on August 2019
    Census officials at DP William Ruto's residence on August 2019
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    Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

    20,694,315 of individuals aged 3 years and above owned a mobile phone. More females (10,425,040) than males (10,268,651) owned a mobile phone. 22.6 per cent of individuals aged three years and above used internet while 10.4 per cent used a computer.

    The proportion of population aged 15 years and above who searched and bought goods and services online was 4.3 per cent.

    Ownership of Household Assets

    A functional television set was the popular household asset owned by 40.7 per cent of households, with households in urban areas accounting for a larger share (62.5 per cent) compared to those in rural areas (26.9 per cent).

    Approximately 9 per cent of households owned a motorcycle. A larger share of the rural households (10.8 per cent) than urban (6.7 per cent) owned a motor cycle.